The Bible is made up of 66 books in the canon, divided into two sections: the Old Testament and the New Testament. It is one of the most translated and published books in history and has had a profound influence on human culture. But how did this historic book come to be?
The Old Testament is a collection of 39 different books mostly written between 1000 BCE and 400 BCE. It is composed mainly of the writings of the 40 prophets who wrote about the history of the Israelites and their relationship with God. It also contains Wisdom literature which provides moral and ethical guidance. The books were written in Hebrew with a few sections in Aramaic.
The New Testament was written between 45 CE and 80 CE and is made up of 27 books. It is composed of four Gospels that describe the life, death and resurrection of Jesus, letters to early churches from the apostles, and an apocalyptic vision of the end times. This section was primarily written in Greek.
Both sections of the Bible were put together by early Christians, who used existing manuscripts and oral tradition to compile the books. The process of canonization started in the 2nd century CE and continued until the 4th century CE. They used criteria such as whether a book was inspired by the Holy Spirit, conformed to the teachings of Jesus and the apostles, and was accepted by the majority of the church.
The Bible is not just a historic book, but also a living, breathing document. It has been studied, interpreted, and reinterpreted over time and still remains an important source of wisdom and faith in many parts of the world.